The education system of USA is independent of federal government regulation as compared to other higher education system of the world. It follows a pattern similar to other systems; curriculum depends widely on the institution. The education system of USA depends on “Credits”, it is an important thing for a student as the whole semester is based on it. Credits are sub-unit of student’s study which is combined altogether to form a course. Every course has a different number of credits which are required in changing the course.
In the USA, community colleges are offered to students for completing their higher education. It is a two-year course which requires a minimum of 60 credits. After graduating, students can transfer their credits to university for bachelor’s degree. Minimum credit required for higher education is 40-60 credits.
University or undergraduate degree can be taken for an academic degree. The most common degree is the bachelor’s degree which Is a four-year course. The total credits required for completing the degree are 120 to 134; it means 12 credits per semester which has three semesters for every year and four years for every degree. By this, a student will complete its BA or BS degree. After completion of graduation degree, a student can apply for master’s degree. This degree is three years based course which offers a master’s degree or professional degree. Finally, if some students want to pursue the doctorate degree then he/she has to apply for it and the year, of course, depends upon the course opted.
How are degrees in the USA graded?
The academic grading of the education system in the USA depends upon the faculties of universities which examines/test the student’s capability by taking written exams, oral presentation, writing essays, group discussions. The performance of the student is then marked on the scale of A, B, C, D, and F. By this, GPA (grade point average) is calculated; if the GP is above 4.00 then a student is awarded with A, 3.00 for grade B students, 2.00 for grade C students, 1.00 for grade D students and 0.00 for grade F students. Here grade A means highest marks and F grade means fail.
The work pressure is based on the students as they can take less credit to pass the semester. the two criteria on which a students’ capability depends is the grading system and credits. If a student cannot pass both of the criteria then he/she is not capable of pursuing the degree. A student depends more on credit then GPA as he/she can remove any subject from his course to cope up their GPA.
Higher Education System
- State College or University
A state school is supported and run by a state government. Each of the 50 U.S. states operates at least one state university and possibly several state colleges.
- Private College or University
These schools are privately run as opposed to being run by a branch of the government. Tuition will usually be higher than state schools.
- Community College
Community colleges are two-year colleges that award an associate’s degrees. Community college graduates most commonly transfer to four-year colleges or universities to complete their degree.
- Institute of Technology
An institute of technology is a school that provides at least four years of study in science and technology. Some have graduate programs, while others offer short-term courses.
- S Universities/Colleges have two major intakes
- FALL &
- Fall semester starts in late August or early September and ends in late December or early January whereas the Spring semester begins in January and ends in May or June. It can be divided into two academic terms of 16-18 weeks known as semesters.